Orthodontics is a type of dentistry that focuses on the treatment of malocclusion (incorrectly positioned teeth when the mouth is closed), resulting in an improper bite. Our Kemper Meadow Family Dentistry orthodontist in Cincinnati, OH, specializes in teeth straightening. The treatment can improve your appearance (cosmetic), but many times it’s used for improving oral function.
Reasons to See an Orthodontist
You could be a candidate for this type of treatment if you have:
- An overbite (buck teeth): This is where your front upper teeth stick out or lie too far forward over your lower teeth
- An underbite: You have a “bulldog” appearance where your upper teeth are too far back or your bottom teeth are too far forward
- Spacing: Spaces or gaps, between your teeth because of teeth that don’t “fill up” your mouth or because of missing teeth
- Crossbite: When your top teeth don’t come down slightly in front of your bottom teeth when you bite them together normally
- Misplaced midline: The center of your front top teeth doesn’t line up with the center of your front bottom teeth
- Open bite: You have a space between the biting surfaces of your side teeth and/or front teeth when you bite your back teeth together
- Crowding: You have too many teeth for your dental ridge to house
Types of Orthodontic Treatments
Many various types of appliances, both removable and fixed, help:
- Move your teeth
- Affect your jaw growth
- Retrain your muscles
They place gentle pressure on your jaws and teeth. How severe your issue is will determine which orthodontic treatment we decide will be most effective for you.
Fixed appliances are:
Braces are the most common type of fixed appliance and consist of brackets, bands and wires. The brackets are frequently bonded to the front of your teeth. The bands are fixed around your tooth or teeth and act as anchors for your appliance.
Archwires pass through your brackets and attach to the bands. When the archwire is tightened, it puts tension on your teeth which gradually moves them into their correct position. Braces today are lighter, smaller and show far less metal than they did previously. They come in clear styles which adults typically prefer and cool colors for children.
2. Fixed Space Maintainers
If your child’s baby tooth is prematurely lost, we’ll use a space maintainer to maintain the opening of the space until their permanent tooth comes in. We’ll attach a band to the tooth that’s next to the empty space and extend a wire to the tooth on the opposite side of the space.
3. Special Fixed Appliances
These are used to control tongue thrusting or thumb sucking. They attach to your teeth with bands. Since they’re a bit uncomfortable when you’re eating, you should use them only as a last resort.
Removable appliances are:
These are an alternative to standard braces and many orthodontists (including our practice) are increasingly using them to move teeth in the same manner fixed appliances do, just without metal brackets and wires. Aligners are nearly invisible and you take them out when you brush and floss your teeth and eat. If you are interested in learning more about Invisalign in Cincinnati, ask one of our team members for more information.
2. Jaw Repositioning Appliances
Also referred to as splints, these are devices you wear on either your lower or top jaw. They help train your jaw to close in a position that’s more favorable. You can also use them for temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ).
3. Removable Space Maintainers
These work in the same way as fixed space maintainers. They’re constructed of an acrylic base that fits over your jaw and have wire or plastic branches between certain teeth for keeping the space open that’s between them.
4. Cheek and Lip Bumpers
These are made for keeping your cheeks and lips away from your teeth. Cheek and lip muscles can place pressure on your teeth. These bumpers work to relieve this pressure.
5. Removable Retainers
You wear these on the roof of your mouth. They prevent your teeth from shifting to their previous position and you can modify and use them to prevent thumb sucking.
6. Palatal Expander
This is a device you use for widening your upper jaw arch. It’s a plastic plate that you fit over the roof of your mouth. The screws apply outward pressure to the plate, forcing your palate bone joints to open lengthwise which widens your palatal area.
You place a strap around the back of your head with this device and attach a metal wire face bow or in front. The headgear helps to slow your upper jaw growth, holding your back teeth where in place while your front teeth are pulled back.
There are more options for orthodontic services than braces and appliances. You also have surgical options too. Surgery can help expedite your orthodontic treatment. Surgery to straighten your teeth works best if you have an underbite or overbite or jaw misalignment. Surgery really wouldn’t be required to obtain the results you want if you only have a few crooked teeth.
In surgery, you only require local anesthesia. We’ll reposition your bones and gums holding your teeth in place. Even though it’s a minor surgery, it’s still a surgery, therefore, there’s always a slight chance for complications, such as:
Additionally, there’s orthognathic surgery. If you have a jaw misalignment and it results in crooked teeth, we may suggest a corrective jaw surgery for fixing any skeletal deformities so we can realign your jaw. You’ll need to have the surgery performed in a hospital setting and it usually involves surgical plates or wires and screws.
There’s also the option for accelerated treatment. This is a FDA-approved medical device you use at home for stimulating your bone remodeling required for properly aligning your teeth. The SoftPulse technology of the device allows for a gentle consistent pressure that’s applied to your teeth. The pressure when combined with the pressure applied by the braces, allows your teeth to be repositioned quicker.
Regardless of the treatment or device you go with, it’s essential you follow any oral hygiene guidelines and instructions provided to you by our orthodontist in Cincinnati, OH to ensure the best possible outcome.
Book Your Consultation with Our Orthodontist in Cincinnati, OH Today
Dental technology has enhanced over the years and now includes new orthodontic treatment options for correcting the problems mentioned above. There are numerous products and techniques available that weren’t just a few years ago. Your experience will improve and the options today are less conspicuous than traditional braces that were the most common previously.
Here at Kemper Meadow Family Dentistry, we take pleasure in being able to provide a large range of orthodontic treatment options. Book your orthodontic treatment consultation today.